The article about tankless water heater parts explains the main components of the electric and gas water heating appliances that heat water on demand.
We will cover the top manufacturers of on-demand models, including AO Smith, Rheem, Paloma, Rinnai, Bosch, Noritz, and others.
An article about tankless water heater parts is to help you in your home DIY project such as troubleshooting, servicing, repairing, and when replacing the broken parts. As described before in the article about tankless water heaters, tankless technology heats water on demand and deliver it instantly.
This new and innovative technology works differently from the storage tank heaters. The great advantage of tankless over tank-type models is that the majority of parts are replaceable and recyclable. And because of that, it is good to know about each component and how to replace it.
Keep in mind that the majority of the above tankless water heater parts are present in most models. Our goal is to cover important elements.
The heat exchanger is a device made of copper tube, or stainless steel, where a small quantity of water is stored – passing through, and used to transfer the heat from the gas burner. The heat is generated from the gas on the gas burner that is burning below the heat exchanger. In the case of the copper heat exchanger, the copper tube is combined with the copper fines to increase the overall surface and increase the heat transfer.
In electric water heaters, water is heated by a heating element (i.e., electric coils) which is turned ON by a flow-activated switch.
The advanced tankless water heaters, like Rinnai, have a commercial grade heat exchanger, which is more durable and efficient. Noritz has a superheat exchanger with thicker piping for longer life and increased thermal efficiency. Due to the acidic nature of the condensate, condensing water heaters are equipped with a stainless steel heat exchanger.
In winter, cold water inside might freeze when the heat exchanger is not used, especially when the cold air comes down through the vent pipe. This is why a minimum length of the vent pipe and combustion air is required.
Due to the high mineral content in water, the heat exchanger may be scaled internally, so proper maintenance is necessary.
Most of the manufacturers will provide a warranty on heat exchangers, which can be from 12 to 15 years, while on other tankless water heater parts, the warranty is usually one year.
The combustion chamber is where the gas burns. A combustion chamber is designed as the room-sealed chamber (direct water heaters) and open (on atmospheric models).
Gas valves can be multi-stage and single-stage devices, with the modulation and ON/OFF option.
Gas valves with the modulation adjust their power based on the water flow, demand, and changes in any incoming and outgoing water temperatures; ON/OFF works with the maximum or no gas power only.
A combustion fan is positioned below the burner so that the air can rapidly mix with the burning gas, resulting in increased efficiency.
The gas burner is usually installed below the heat exchanger. Some commercial and condensing water heater models are made of high-quality stainless steel material to work with higher heat outputs. Some manufacturers are designing high efficiency and high power burners like Ceramat burner from Bosch..
Noritz water heaters use a dual-flame technology to maximize the output, provide temperature stability and keep the gas emission low.
With other manufacturers, you can see considerable progress toward environmentally friendly burners designed to reduce NOx emissions.
The burner flames generated on the burner should have a blue color, while yellow flames are a sign of wrong orifice size, dirty burner or blockage of the heat exchanger fins, and improper combustion.
It is recommended to check the shape, pattern, and color of the burner flame through the provided sight window located at the front of the heater's cover.
An ignition system uses either a pilot light with the thermocouple – which is rare or an electronic ignition device, usually with one or two electrodes. Both systems are used to light the fire on the main gas burner and inform the control device that the flame is either on or off.
Bosch has a great innovative design where the water heaters are equipped with a hydro-generated ignition system that allows this tankless water heater to operate without a pilot light, electricity, or battery.
Every tankless water heater is equipped with the safety and control elements that work together with the PC board for better protection, safety, and performance.
A PC electronic board is the most sophisticated among tankless water heater parts and is the heart of the water heater. It is used to provide the diagnostics; it reads and displays the temperature and error codes on the LCD display and using an onboard memory chip to store the code for easy maintenance and troubleshooting.
This self-diagnostic computer system and intelligent electronic controls are also designed to increase energy efficiency and safety, also working toward reducing NOx gases.
Tankless water heaters using gas are designed to vent the gases out and bring the air in using one of the three options:
Note: The installation of venting must comply with the national and local codes and per the manufacturer's instructions (to meet the minimum and maximum lengths, location, recommended distances).
Venting pipes can be run horizontally through the sidewall or vertically through the roof, with the two-pipe system or concentric venting.
A condensate collector must be used on all vertical installations, while a downward slope should be provided on horizontal runs.
The air intake pipe can use aluminum, ABS, CPVC, or PVC pipe, while for combustibles, UL approved, Category III, stainless steel vent material must be used.
For placing an order for any of the tankless water heater parts, contact a store where the water heater was purchased, manufacturer, or the distributor providing the following information: